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History About Hospitals

History About Hospitals

What is hospital?
Hospital is a health care institution/system,which will provide the medical treatment to the patients with specialized staff and medical equipment.The word hospital originates from the Latin hospes, means guest/stranger and the word patient means patior, which is to suffer.The abbreviation for the hospital is hosp. and H.

The first hospital was started in the year 1664 and named as Government General Hospital, officially named Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital ( RGGGH ), is a major state-owned hospital situated in Chennai, India.Hospital consist with 3000 beds is funded and managed by the state government of Tamil Nadu. Founded by the British East India Company, it is the first medical institution in India. In the 19th century, the Madras Medical College joined it.

Types Of Hospitals?
There are different types of hospitals named as
General Hospital
District Hospital
Specialized Hospital
Teaching Hospital

          Medical facility smaller than a hospital is generally called as clinic, and often run by a government agency for health services or else private partnership of physicians. Clinics generally provide only outpatient services.In hospitals there are different types well known type of hospital is general hospital, typically has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems like heart attacks,accident victims.The other type of hospital is district hospital typically it is the major health care facility in its region with large numbers of beds and nursing staff for intensive care and long-term care.These two types of hospitals are commonly know for the society. And the other type of hospital is specialized hospital provides a range of services includes orthopedic surgery, ophthalmology, trauma centers, rehabilitation hospitals, children's hospitals. Specialized hospitals will help to reduce health care costs compared to the general hospitals. Some specialized and teaching hospitals are affiliated with the universities for medical research and training of medical personnel such as physicians and nurses. In Worldwide most hospitals run on a nonprofit basis by governments or charities.A teaching hospital assistance to people with teaching to medical students and nurses and often is linked to a medical school, nursing school or medical university.Hospitals consist of different departments called as wards, especially when they have beds for inpatients also called inpatient wards. Hospitals may have services such as an emergency department or specialist trauma center, burn unit, surgery, or urgent care. More specialist units such as the following:
Emergency department
Cardiology
Intensive care unit
Paediatric intensive care unit
Neonatal intensive care unit
Cardiovascular intensive care unit
Neurology
Oncology
Obstetrics
gynecology
colloquially
maternity ward
And also there is the department for nursing, headed by a chief nursing officer/director of nursing. This department is responsible for administration of professional nursing practice, research. Many wards have both the nursing and a medical director that serve as administrators for their disciplines within that specialty.

Ancient times:
In ancient times, religion and medicine were linked. The earliest documented institutions attempting to provide cures were ancient Egyptian temples. In ancient Greece, temples dedicated to the healing god Asclepius, known as Asclepieia, served as centers of medical advice, prognosis and healing. At these shrines, patients would enter into an induced dream like sleep known as enkoimesis not unlike anesthesia, where they received guidance from the deity in a dream or were cured by surgery. Asclepius provided carefully controlled spaces to healing and fulfilled several of the requirements of institutions created for healing. Asclepieion of Epidaurus, three large marble boards dated to 350 BCE preserve the names, case histories, complaints and cures of about 70 patients who came to the temple with a problem and shelter there. Some of the surgical treatments listed, such as opening an abdominal abscess or extracting traumatic foreign material, are realistic enough to take place, but with the patient in a state of encoesis induced with the aid of soporific substances such as opium. The worship of Asclepius was adopted by the Romans. Under his Roman name Æsculapius, they were given the temple (291 BCE) on an island in the Tiber in Rome, where similar rites were performed.

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